Asiatic Pennywort in traditional medicine

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"Asiatic Pennywort is one of the top 25 bestselling herbs in the United States."  —  Herbs: The Green Pharmacy of Malaysia [1]
Asiatic Pennywort, also known as "Gotu Kola" and "Pegaga", is a plant of the Umbelliferae or Apiaceae family.
Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
(Uploaded by Avenabotanicalsvideo on 6 October 2012)
Pennywort Drink / น้ำใบบัวบก (Nam Bai Bua Bok)
(Uploaded by ThaiCookingChannel on 24 February 2012)
(Uploaded by Vikram Chauhan on 29 August 2012)
GOTU KOLA- Asian Tonic Tea
(Uploaded by the new dawn center on 3 June 2012)

Asiatic Pennywort (Centella asiatica) is a small herbaceous annual plant that is used as a medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional African medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine. In India, it has long been used as an aid to meditation, apart from its use as a medicine.[2]

Asiatic Pennywort is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the most important medicinal plant species to be conserved and cultivated.[2] Commercial production is presently limited to two countries, Sri Lanka and Madagascar.

2.  Plant description: Asiatic Pennywort is a small, slender, creeping herb. It has long-stalked, green leaves with rounded apices. Its bisexual flowers grows in clusters near the surface of the soil. Each flower is minute in size, being less than 3 mm (0.1 in), and of pinkish to red color. Rhizomes grow vertically downwards, while shoots grow horizontally, interconnecting one plant with another.

Asiatic Pennywort is easily propagated asexually by using rhizomes with at least one to 2 nodes. It prefers some shade, as well as moist, sandy loam soils, with high organic matter. Harvesting can be done after 60 days of planting. The whole plant, including its roots, is normally harvested when the leaves reach full size of about 4 cm (1.5 in) wide. Asiatic Pennywort do not have many pest and disease problems. Its major pest are snails, white flies, and spider mites.

3.  Medicinal properties: Asiatic Pennywort is valued for its following medicinal properties:[3]

4.  Uses in traditional medicine: This herb is referred to as a rejuvenating medicament and often consumed as a cooling drink and brain tonic.[4] Its leaves are eaten raw or finely cut and roasted with scraped coconut. They are believed to be good for mothers who have just given birth, as well as for preserving youthfulness. Because of its bitter taste, the paste and juice are always taken along with equal quantities of honey. In India, the leaves are dried, powdered, and taken with milk to improve memory and as tonics. When taken in excess, however, fresh leaves can cause dizziness.

Asiatic Pennywort has been used for treating: Minor ailments:[3]

More serious ailments:[3]

5.  Clinical trials: Clinical tests have substantiated many of the positive benefits of Asiatic Pennywort extracts in the healing of skin wounds, burns, and skin diseases, as well as in the treatment of stomach and duodenal ulcers, leprosy, lupus, scheroderma, diseases of the veins, and hypertension.[5]