Chiropractic:Vertebra T12

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A misaligned thoracic vertebra T11 can cause rheumatism, and gas pains.
Structure of a typical thoracic vertebra  (click image for larger view)
The 1st and 9th-12th thoracic vertebrae have some peculiarities.

Vertebra T12 is the last of the 12 thoracic vertebrae of the spine. By convention, the thoracic vertebrae are numbered, with the first one (T1) located closest to the skull and higher-numbered vertebrae (T2-T12) proceeding down the spine.


2.  Structure of thoracic vertebra T12: The 12th thoracic vertebra has the same general characteristics as vertebra T11, but may be distinguished from it by:

  1. its inferior articular surfaces being convex and directed lateralward, like those of the lumbar vertebrae;
  2. the general form of the body, laminae, and spinous process, in which it resembles the lumbar vertebrae; and
  3. each transverse process being subdivided into three elevations: the superior, inferior, and lateral tubercles. The superior and inferior tubercles correspond to the mammillary and accessory processes of the lumbar vertebrae. Traces of similar elevations are found on the transverse processes of the 10th and 11th thoracic vertebrae.


3.  Associated spinal nerve and blood vessels: Nerves and blood supply to the small intestines, and lymph circulation passes out underneath vertebra T12. As such, a misalignment of vertebra T12 can cause rheumatism, and gas pains.